The Iron Heel in Coal and Copper: Three Mine Wars of the Early Twentieth Century

This panel will examine three iconic mining conflicts of the early twentieth century: the Pennsylvania Anthracite coal strike in 1906, the 1913-14 Michigan copper strike, and the southern Colorado coal strike of 1913-1914. In all three examples, the combined power of corporate control (sometimes cast as “benevolent paternalism”) and government policing power crushed organizing drives […]